Showers

Showering is common in Western culture due to the efficiency of using it compared to a bathtub. Its use in hygiene is therefore common practice.A shower uses less water on average than a bath: 80 litres for a shower compared to 150 litres for a bath.

Modern showers

The first mechanical shower, operated by a hand pump, was patented in England in 1767 by William Feetham,a stove maker from Ludgate Hill in London. His shower contraption used a pump to force the water into a vessel above the user’s head and a chain would then be pulled to release the water from the vessel. Although the system dispensed with the servant labour of filling up and pouring out buckets of water, the showers failed to catch on with the rich as a method for piping hot water through the system was not available. The system would also recycle the same dirty water through every cycle.